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The Seven Areas of Learning from the Early Years Foundation Stage

In line with its statutory obligations Ladybirds Nursery delivers the Early Years Foundation Stage Curriculum (EYFS).  It is based on seven subject areas that combine together to make up the skills, knowledge and experiences that babies and children acquire as they grow, learn and develop. The prime areas are Personal, Social and Emotional Development, Physical Development and Communication and Language. These are vital because they underpin development across the other four specific areas – Literacy, Mathematics, Understanding the World and Expressive Arts and Design.  The specific areas grow out of the prime areas and provide important contexts for learning.


The developmental statements in these areas help practitioners to identify and plan for the children’s individual interests and abilities.

Personal, Social and Emotional Development – This area supports children to develop a sense of themselves, social skills and respect for others and a positive disposition to learn.  Children’s emotional well-being also needs to be nurtured in order to help them understand and manage their feelings and behaviour.  Children are encouraged to acquire skills to help their independence


Communication and Language – Supporting children’s developing skills in listening and understanding as well as speaking clearly and communicating effectively.  Children are given a range of opportunities to build these skills and gain confidence to use them in different situations.


Physical Development – Children need many opportunities to be active, move vigorously and improve their skills of co-ordination, control, manipulation and movement. Children also need to develop an understanding of healthy choices and personal hygiene.


Literacy – This area focuses on learning the skills needed for reading and writing.  Children are surrounded by a rich variety of books and media to make marks. 


Mathematics – Supporting children to develop their understanding of numbers, calculating, shapes, space and measures. 


Understanding the World – This encompasses Science, Geography, History and R.E.  Children are helped to make sense of the world around them.


Expressive Arts and Design – Developing their creativity by providing a range of opportunities, materials and media in which to express themselves and use their imaginations.  Children are encouraged to explore and share their thoughts, feelings and ideas.

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